Winter Sports and Brain Safety: Protecting Yourself from TBI

Every winter, millions lace up their boots and hit the slopes, ice rinks, and snowy trails to enjoy exhilarating winter sports. While these activities offer a fantastic way to stay active and have fun, the risk of injury is always present. One of the most concerning injuries associated with winter sports is a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). [1]

National Winter Sports Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Awareness Month

This revamped content aims to raise awareness about TBIs during National Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month (typically January) and empower you to participate in winter sports safely.

Purpose of National Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month

The Johnny O Foundation hopes that the National Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month will raise awareness of the health risks (specifically concussions and traumatic brain injuries) ordinary individuals and athletes face when they participate in winter sports. It also highlights sports safety and preventive measures for avoiding concussions and TBIs. The main goal of the public awareness campaign is to reduce TBIs in the country. [2]

It is the mission of the Johnny O Foundation to educate the American public regarding the seriousness of traumatic brain injuries, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease among the American population through strategic research initiatives and improved public awareness for accomplishing their objectives. The Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month is only one among the numerous initiatives of the Johnny O Foundation.

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs)

A TBI is a disruption in the normal function of the brain caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. It can range from a mild concussion to a severe injury that can be life-threatening. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 1.7 million TBIs occur in the United States each year. [3]

In winter sports, falls and collisions are a common cause of TBIs. Skiing, snowboarding, hockey, and even sledding can all lead to head injuries if proper precautions aren't taken.
The tricky part about TBIs is that symptoms may not be immediately apparent. They can show up right after the injury, or even days or weeks later. Here are some common signs and symptoms of a concussion, a type of TBI: [4]

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Balance problems
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Mood swings

Why Awareness Matters:

National Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month highlights the importance of recognizing the dangers of TBIs and taking preventive measures. Early diagnosis and proper treatment are crucial for a full recovery. Unfortunately, TBIs can sometimes be misdiagnosed, potentially leading to complications.

The Johnny O Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to brain injury research and education, spearheads this awareness campaign. Their goal is to educate athletes, parents, and the public about the dangers of TBIs and concussions associated with winter sports.

Protecting Yourself on the Slopes and Beyond:

stay safe on the slopes

Stay Safe on the Slopes. Shutterstock Image

Here are some key steps you can take to minimize the risk of TBI during winter sports: [5]

  • Wear a Helmet: This is the single most important safety measure. Helmets should be properly fitted, certified for the specific winter sport you're participating in, and well-maintained.
  • Prioritize Safety: Learn and follow the safety rules for your chosen sport. This might involve avoiding dangerous terrain, being aware of other participants, and understanding proper equipment use.
  • Practice Safe Techniques: Enroll in lessons from qualified instructors to acquire proper skills and techniques for the specific winter sport you're interested in. This will help you navigate slopes and maneuvers safely.
  • Know Your Limits: Don't push yourself beyond your ability level. As your skills improve, gradually take on more challenging terrain or maneuvers.
  • Stay Hydrated: Dehydration can impair your balance and coordination, increasing the risk of falls and head injuries.

Recognizing and Responding to a Concussion:

If you suspect someone has sustained a concussion during a winter sport activity, here's what to do:

  • Remove them from Play: The injured person should stop participating immediately and avoid further risk of head injury.
  • Seek Medical Attention: A healthcare professional experienced in concussion evaluation can properly assess the severity of the injury and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.
  • Monitor Symptoms: Inform the injured person's family or friends of the potential concussion and provide them with informative materials about concussions and recovery.
  • Rest and Recovery: Following a concussion, the individual must rest until a healthcare professional clears them to return to play. This allows the brain time to heal properly.

Spreading Awareness:

National Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month can be an opportunity to take action and spread awareness in your community. Here are some ideas:

  • Social Media Campaigns: Use social media platforms to educate others about TBIs and concussions related to winter sports.
  • Volunteer Opportunities: Consider volunteering with The Johnny O Foundation or similar organizations dedicated to brain injury awareness.
  • Community Events: Organize a fundraising event for brain injury research or a local activity to promote winter sports safety.
  • Educational Materials: Print and distribute posters or flyers that educate athletes about concussions and their symptoms.
  • Community Outreach: Advocate for sports organizations to implement concussion protocols and educate coaches about recognizing potential concussions.


By understanding the risks and taking necessary precautions, you can greatly minimize the chances of a TBI while enjoying your favorite winter sports. National Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month serves as a valuable reminder to prioritize safety and ensure a fun and injury-free winter season for everyone. Remember, a little preparation goes a long way in protecting yourself and

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5 Sources

We review published medical research in respected scientific journals to arrive at our conclusions about a product or health topic. This ensures the highest standard of scientific accuracy.

[1] "Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)." National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 13 Mar. 2024,
[2] "January is National Winter Sports Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Awareness Month." UW Health Sciences Library, 13 Mar. 2024,
[4] "Symptoms of Mild TBI and Concussion | Concussion | Traumatic Brain Injury | CDC Injury Center." 10 Apr. 2023,
[5] "Winter Sports Safety 101: Understanding the Impact of Concussions and How to Stay Protected." Brain Injury Association of America, 9 Nov. 2023,,from%20a%20serious%20brain%20injury.
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Dr. Joel Fuhrman, M.D.

Dr.Joel Fuhrman Joel Fuhrman, M.D. is a family physician, NY Times best-selling author and nutritional researcher.